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Bank Dunia : Peningkatan Kualitas Jalan di Indonesia Lambat

Bank Dunia mengungkapkan terdapat beberapa temuan terkait dengan sektor jalan nasional yang tertuang dalam kajian belanja publik yang dipaparkan pada Kamis (25/6/2020). Tomas Herrero Diez, Transport Consultant Wolrd Bank, mengungkapkan bahwa jalan nasional dan jalan bebas hambatan secara strategis penting bagi produktivitas dan daya saing Indonesia yaitu melayani 40 persen dari semua lalu lintas. “Meskipun belanja pemerintah untuk jalan nasional telah meningkat selama dekade terakhir ini, pertumbuhan jaringan jalan nasional tidak sejalan dengan pertumbuhan permintaan lalu lintas.
Hampir dua pertiga kendaraan yang melalui jalan nasional berada dalam kondisi arus lalu lintas yang lambat atau padat,” jelasnya. Baca Juga : Ini Rekomendasi Bank Dunia Terkait dengan Sektor Jalan Nasional Lebih lanjut, peningkatan belanja pemerintah sebagian besar digunakan untuk membiayai penanganan yang lebih mahal, yang berujung pada pembangunan dan pemeliharaan berbiaya tinggi. Namun, kualitas jalan nasional belum meningkat secara berarti jika dibandingkan secara internasional. Selain itu, pengumpulan data dan sistem manajemen yang buruk telah menyebabkan prioritisasi program yang terfragmentasi dan tidak efektif.
Selain itu, kondisi Direktorat Jenderal Bina Marga yang sangat terdesentralisasi menjadi penghambat peningkatan kualitas dan kecepatan pelaksanaan proyek jalan nasional. Baca Juga : Trafik Jalan Nasional Turun, PUPR: Preservasi Jalan Tetap Berlanjut Kemudian, program pembangunan jalan tol berada di jalur yang tepat, tetapi Pemerintah Indonesia sangat bergantung pada badan usaha milik negara untuk melaksanakan proyek-proyek baru. “Model ini berisiko menciptakan biaya yang harus dikeluarkan oleh pemerintah jika terjadi peristiwa atau kejadian tertentu dan menyebabkan hengkangnya sektor swasta,” jelasnya.
Kajian bank Dunia ini bertujuan membantu Pemerintah Indonesia mengidentifikasi kendala-kendala dalam belanja publik yang efektif dan efisien dan memberikan cara-cara untuk meningkatkan kualitas belanja untuk merealisasikan tujuan pembangunan Indonesia.

Sumber : https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20200625/45/1257745/bank-dunia-peningkatan-kualitas-jalan-di-indonesia-lambat-
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BELA NEGARA BAGI MAHASISWA DALAM MEWUJUDKAN SUMBERDAYA MANUSIA UNGGUL DI ERA REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0

Bagaimana melestarikan dan mengaktualisasikan nilai
nilai Bela Negara dalam era Perang 4.0?

BERUBAH atau MATI!

“The biggest challenge in Industry Revolution 4.0 is

to change the mindset.

The biggest challenge to change the mindset is

thinking there is no box.”

Perang Modern
Proxy War: perang yang menggunakan pihak ketiga pengganti
berkelahi satu sama lain secara langsung.

Metode Brain Washing:

Ubah ideologi, paradigma, perilaku, kebiasaan dan budaya melalui
infiltrasi, provokasi dan pecah belah

Bentuk separatis dan pemberontak

Ikuti kemauan/kehendak mereka, dan

Ujungnya kuasai Indonesia

Belanja Online
Tidak konsumtif barang
Konsumsi pengalaman
(experience/leisure)

Flexible working job/Gig Economy

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Students Can specialize in Political Science

Political science deals with the study of political systems, political institutions and related legal documents. There are many branches of political science. For example, political science scholars have been analyzing political systems and institutions for over one hundred years now. For such uses, the discipline known as political science may be divided further into political science in the United States, political science abroad, and comparative political science. For instance, political science in the United States has political science abroad.

 

Comparative political science refers to fields such as Sociology, Anthropology, Law, and Politics. It studies the relationships among cultural identities, socio-cultural factors, political structures, and the economic prosperity or otherwise of various political systems. Comparative political science can be used to examine similarities and differences between states, countries, cultures and societies, and their political systems. For instance, the United States has many similarities with other industrial societies, and some differences as well with other parts of the world, while political economies tend to differ vastly, even radically, from one country to the next.

 

Another branch of political science is political theory. Political theory deals with questions concerning how groups, nations and societies form and how political organizations make decisions. Political theory also analyzes the relationship between these political organizations and the state. Some of the most famous political theory theories are socio-cultural theory, national-cultural theory, international political theory, and freedom theory.

 

The third strand of the broad field of political science is political economy. This field studies the economic structure of the polity, focusing on the public sector as well as private sector. This is the study of how political organizations affect the economic welfare of the people as a whole. Some of the important areas of contemporary political science that focus on the public sector and the impact of political decisions on the economy include bargaining theory, institutional economics, micro-level analysis, welfare economics, and political decision making.

 

The fourth strand of the broad field of political science is called political philosophy. It studies how institutions like governments and societies make decisions. These decisions include what forms of government will exist, how laws are set up, and who makes these laws. Some of the most famous political philosophers include Plato, Aristotle, John Rawls, Karl Menninger and Jean Piaget.

 

A related strand of the political science field is political methodology. This strand studies how politics and the social sciences fit together. Some of the major areas of research in this area of study are political anthropology, political botany, political philosophy, political science and political psychology.

 

Finally, a different strand of the broad field of political science is called political theology. In recent years this branch of the broad science of political theory has gained increased attention from the academic community. Unlike the other strands of this broad field, political theology explores a much narrower range of topics. It mainly concerns itself with questions about biblical scripture and church teaching about political matters. Two main political theories considered by political theory experts include liberalism and conservatism.

 

In the year 2021, more people than ever are enrolling in graduate programs in the United States to study political science. With regard to the growing demand for political scientists, the US government is offering scholarships and fellowships for prospective graduate students and scholars. For example, there is a new program that offers scholarships and fellowships to students studying to become social work professionals. Other government programs offer funding for political science researchers and scholars, as well as scholarships and fellowships for those interested in becoming teachers in political science departments.

 

A handful of nations across the world have their own universities that offer political science courses. For example, in Bangladesh, political science students can pursue degrees in political science, comparative political science, and history of political science. Some nations also offer master’s degrees in political science for those who complete their bachelor’s degree requirements and obtain an advanced degree.

 

Another major area of concentration within political science is international relations. There are many colleges and universities all over the world offering degrees in international relations. The curriculum for international relations majors includes political science, sociology, and mathematics. Some schools also offer courses that focus on international business, economics, and political science. These classes help students develop skills necessary for working in international settings.

 

Finally, political theory experts look at political institutions and how they influence society, and why individual citizens have differing political opinions. They look closely at how various political institutions have established rules and procedures for how they govern, and they look at the consequences of these rules and procedures for society as a whole. Some areas of concentration within political science include research methods, public opinion, and political institutions. Studying these various areas helps to develop skills necessary for understanding how individuals and groups form political opinions and form political institutions.

 

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Welcome to BLOG MAHASISSWA UNIVERSITAS MEDAN AREA. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start writing!

 

#Fakultas Psikologi Medan #Fakultas Teknik Medan #Fakultas Pertanian Medan #Fakultas Sain dan Teknologi Medan #Fakultas Hukum Medan #Fakultas Fisipol Medan #Fakultas Ekonomi Medan #Pascasarjana Medan #Sipil Terbaik #Elektro Terbaik #Mesin Terbaik #Arsitektur Terbaik #Industri Terbaik #Informatika Terbaik